In a new commercial aimed at calling attention to Ayn Rand's beliefs, especially about God and religion, and how they can be a dangerous influence on conservatives, the American Values Network (AVN) has done a fantastic job in epitomizing the very ignorance many "social conservatives" fall prey to. Instead of summarizing the video and dissecting it point by point, I provide it here and my criticism follows:
First off, I will begin, as I am studying English, by pointing out the obvious intentional fallacy taking place here. Although I am a big fan of Atlas Shrugged and the philosophy that helped made it what it is (one of the greatest novels ever written), there is no escaping the fact that delving into, or putting too much emphasis on, the intention of an author's work is an outright fallacy. More specifically, it is an intentional fallacy. When criticizing a novel specifically, one cannot place primary importance on the author's intent. Ultimately, whatever is written, and how it is written, in a novel is to judged and criticized on its own merits and not subjugated to the underlying intentions. Therefore, in this commercial, to attempt to demagogue a novel not based on its content (plot, character development, etc.) but rather on what its author said in an interview afterward, is fallacious and ultimately irrelevant. Therefore if you want to demonize a book, especially one of such quality as Atlas Shrugged, its best you do so based on its content, and even that would be a foolish task. So, that's the first point underlining AVN's outright ignorance.
Secondly, the most obvious ignorance taking place here is the message that AVN is trying to convey, which is basically that if you agree with someone on one particular aspect, what they believe in every other aspect, if incorrect, invalidates your agreement as their other views nullify any previous perceived correct stance. In this case particularly, what people like Congressman Paul Ryan mean when they say Ayn Rand should be listened to, they generally mean on matters of economics. Rand was an outright free marketeer, no if's, and's or but's about it. So when Ryan and other Republicans praise Rand's philosophy, they are specifically praising her philosophy that emphasizes the individualism that should be the foundation of society; ethically, morally, politically and economically. Last time I checked, there was nothing anti-religion or anti-Christian about individualism. Individualism is the underlying principle to be found in Atlas Shrugged. As a matter of fact, generally understood, religion is all about the individual. When it comes to Christianity, the belief is that when one dies, he or she alone will be judged for his or her actions. Therefore, emphasis on individual actions is of utmost importance.
What any of this has to do with Rand's belief of religion is irrelevant. As a matter of fact, it should be noted that not one of those cited by AVN ever praised Rand's philosophy on God or religion. To AVN, it appears that if you agree with Rand on ethics and economics, you are somehow endorsing her theological, or lack thereof, beliefs. This is, of course, absurd. It's perfectly reasonable for someone to agree with another on one subject but totally disagree with them on another.
If AVN wants to somehow claim that Rand's premises of atheism, or anti-theism, invalidates any preceding conclusions, then they better rethink their policy. After all, the first word in their organization is "American." Let's think about this. The term American refers to the United States of America. The USA was founded upon certain principles that were written in certain documents. Foremost of these documents was the Declaration of Independence. This document was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson. Let's see what Jefferson had to say about religion, Christianity in particular:
"The whole history of these books [the Gospels] is so defective and doubtful that it seems vain to attempt minute enquiry into it: and such tricks have been played with their text, and with the texts of other books relating to them, that we have a right, from that cause, to entertain much doubt what parts of them are genuine. In the New Testament there is internal evidence that parts of it have proceeded from an extraordinary man; and that other parts are of the fabric of very inferior minds. It is as easy to separate those parts, as to pick out diamonds from dunghills."
Not entirely positive, is it? As a matter of fact, Jefferson, himself a Desist, said many disparaging things about religion and Christianity. Seems to invalidate AVN's very usage of the word "American." Does this mean that anyone who claims to be influenced by Jefferson's philosophy is wrong or "anti-Christian?" Obviously, not. But you won't see AVN making this point.
This is, of course, very silly. But this kind of stuff especially infuriates me. If the AVN wants to drive a wedge between libertarians and "social conservatives" then go for it. If only the GOP would wake up and notify these social authoritarians (not conservatives) that limited government means complete limited government. Nowhere in the powers delegated to the federal or state governments is the power to dictate values or religious beliefs. AVN tries to disparage Rand's goal of forming "a morality not based on faith." Is faith now a prerequisite to be an American now? Of course not.
The obvious point that AVN tries to make there is that one has to be religious in order to be moral. This plainly incorrect. Belief in God or adherence to any religion is NOT a prerequisite for being moral. Morals are based on reason. Everything that is moral is rational. I could be an atheist but that doesn't mean that there is nothing stopping me from being immoral. I still have my human capacity for reason and as long as I utilize that, as Rand promotes, then I will live morally. This philosophy is the very foundation of movements that have helped form this country's principles and modern philosophy: the Enlightenment, the Reformation, etc.
Don't be mistaken; I don't agree with Rand on everything. Her reasoning for not believing in God is erroneous itself. God's existence can easily be proven within reason. Also, Rand's belief on American foreign policy was anti-individualist, ironically enough. (That's another thing: Rand was a big supporter of Israel and of America being interventionist in Muslim countries, yet I suspect, as most at AVN probably agree with Rand in that aspect, they won't bother questioning their own premises there as they agree with this "nutcase" Rand)
I could go even more into the inherent contradiction included in social authoritarianism and their general participation in Republican politics. I will save that for another time...